projects > Silence (Tarpaper Totem)

Photograph of tarpaper sculpture at Heart Mountain, Wyoming Japanese American World War II incarceration historic site. By Gardiner Funo O'Kain.
Silence (Tarpaper Totem, Heart Mountain)
June 06, 2021

Most of the land that once comprised the Heart Mountain American concentration camp is now privately owned farm land. The Japanese prisoners transformed this high desert into arable land.


Heart Mountain is in Wyoming whose original inhabitants include the Arapaho Tribe, Cheyenne Tribe, Crow Tribe, Shoshoni Tribe and Ute Tribe. Today, Wyoming's two federally recognized tribes: the Arapaho and Shoshoni Tribes share the Wind River Reservation.